Configure Sidekiq With Rails

According to their website Sidekiq is an efficient background processing for Ruby. It says Ruby but you can also use it in Rails and it even has a nice web UI where you can see some stats.

This blog post will be a brief overview of how to configure Sidekiq in Rails.

The very first thing is to add the gem in the Gemfile like this

gem 'sidekiq', '~> 6.1.0'

and run bundle install

Now let’s assume that we’re working on a Blog project where we have a User, Post, and Comment models like this…

class User < ApplicationRecord
    has_many :posts

class Post < ApplicationRecord
  belongs_to :user
  has_many :comments

class Comment < ApplicationRecord
  belongs_to :post
  belongs_to :user

And for whatever reason we want to create a background job that creates a random comment on a random post… the cool thing about Rails and background jobs is that Rails has the ActiveJob framework that is some sort of interface for background jobs so you can switch the backend to whatever you want.

So in order to create a background job in Rails for Sidekiq we first need to configure sidekiq and since in this case I’m just going to test it in development I’ll go ahead and open config/environments/development.rb and add the below lines in stating that we want to use sidekiq as the backend for background jobs and the queue name prefix…

config.active_job.queue_adapter = :sidekiq
config.active_job.queue_name_prefix = "sidekiq_example_development"

Next we configure an initializer for Sidekiq in config/initializers/sidekiq.rb

Sidekiq.configure_server do |config|
    config.redis = { url: 'redis://localhost:6379/0' }
Sidekiq.configure_client do |config|
    config.redis = { url: 'redis://localhost:6379/0' }

Here’s where we configure Sidekiq’s client and server pointing to redis, in my case it’s a local redis server using

The final step in the configuration is to specify Sidekiq what queues from Redis to pick up, we do that by creating a file in config/sidekiq.yml

  - sidekiq_example_development_default
  - sidekiq_example_production_default

And that’s pretty much it on the configuration side unless you want to configure the UI which I’ll show you how in config/routes.rb

Rails.application.routes.draw do
  # For details on the DSL available within this file, see
  # ...
  require 'sidekiq/web'
  mount Sidekiq::Web => '/sidekiq'

It’s as simple as that not too bad, now let’s go ahead and create a Sidekiq background job through Rails via ActiveJob, in the terminal we type…

$ rails g job generate_random_comment

This creates a file app/jobs/generate_random_comment_job.rb

class GenerateRandomCommentJob < ApplicationJob
  queue_as :default

  def perform(*args)
    # Do something later

Now let’s do something not efficient to do in the background like creating a random comment on a random post and for that we’ll use the Faker gem

# Inside Gemfile

gem 'faker'

And now inside app/jobs/generate_random_comment_job.rb

class GenerateRandomCommentJob < ApplicationJob
  queue_as :default

  def perform(*args)
    # Fetching a random user
    user = User.find(

    # Fetching a random post from user
    post = Post.find(

    # Creating a random comment with Faker
      title: Faker::Lorem.word,
      content: Faker::Lorem.sentence,
      user: user

Right before we run the background job we need to make sure both Redis and Sidekiq are running, in order to run Sidekiq we go to the terminal run

$ sidekiq

And you should see this nice graphic

          .ss,  $$:         .,d$
          `$$P,d$P'    .,md$P"'
         $$^' `"/$$$'       ____  _     _      _    _
         $:     ,$$:       / ___|(_) __| | ___| | _(_) __ _
         `b     :$$        \___ \| |/ _` |/ _ \ |/ / |/ _` |
                $$:         ___) | | (_| |  __/   <| | (_| |
                $$         |____/|_|\__,_|\___|_|\_\_|\__, |
              .d$$                                       |_|

Now let’s take the background job for a spin in the rails console $ rails c and type this…

> GenerateRandomCommentJob.perform_later
Enqueued GenerateRandomCommentJob (Job ID: f2a594a9-9b9f-4900-8f32-a07d030b04e8) to Sidekiq(sidekiq_example_development_default)
 => #<GenerateRandomCommentJob:0x00007f9d88287788 @arguments=[], @job_id="f2a594a9-9b9f-4900-8f32-a07d030b04e8", @queue_name="sidekiq_example_development_default", @priority=nil, @executions=0, @exception_executions={}, @provider_job_id="8ab54cb7e77b2d218bec63e2">

And if you have the Rails server running $ rails s and go to http://localhost:3000/sidekiq/queues you should see something like this

Example image

Awesome, this means that we have successfully ran our background job with Sidekiq through Redis inside a Rails app, now let’s make things a bit more fun running the background job multiple times to see a bit better Sidekiq in action.

Let’s run the background job 100 times through the Rails console

> 100.times { GenerateRandomCommentJob.perform_later }

And see what happens in the web UI

Example image

Awesome now we have a basic configuration for Redis + Sidekiq + Rails running locally :)

Happy coding! if you have any questions please let me know in twitter at @fcastellanos.